شعبہ خواتین( جماعت اسلامی) کی دینی و فلاحی خدمات واثرات: تحقیقی مطالعہ

Muhammad Nadeem, Dr. Shair Ali

Abstract

It is an admitted reality that society is incomplete without woaman folk. God almighty has given the highest status to woman as “mother”. Descent of prophets and celestial books, was started for the conduct and character building of human being and in this regard, woman assigned the foremost responsibility. It is the woman who teaches values to the individuals and builds basic morality. In this capacity, woman has pivotal role in preaching and dwelling of religion. Preaching of religion, as a whole, is such a duty as is to be performed by every muslim man and woman. Jamat e Islami was established in 1941. Moulana Madudi started preaching into and organization of women in the very beginning. The women wing of Jamat e Islami was established in 1947, for the promotion of preaching and educational activities among the womenfolk. The purpose of women chapter is to guide women in accordance with Islam. The women wing is spreading political and idealogical policies of jamat in view to enhance the membership of Jamat and implementation of Islam. The women wing is independent in matters of administration and finance. Women wing is on the lines of male wing. Now, this is performing religions and welfare Services in every nook and corner. A research based study of the women wing, is being presented in this articile.

Keywords: Jamat-e-Islami, prophets, Preaching, Services, religion, Women

تذکیر القرآن از مولانا وحید الدین خان میں مباحث دعوت تجزیاتی مطالعہ

Muhammad Zafar Iqbal, Dr. Muhammad Sajjad

Abstract

Molana Waheed -ud-din Khan (1925) is a renowned Islamic scholar, preacher, Quranic commentator and thinker. He explained Islamic teachings according to contemporary needs and style. His writing and preaching style or method is very simple, effective and sweet. He focused on preaching and rectification in his scholarly work. He supposed that the massage of Islam is actually the massage of rectification and call of Islam. The Holy Quran is a book of Dawah and the mission of holy prophet is the mission of Dawah. Molana highlighted this thoughts in his research work. He named his Quranic commentary by Tazkir-ul-Quran, due to the fact that Quran is the book for call to Islam. Quranic teachings are natural. The historical events described in Quran are depends on well being of Humanity. Similarly, Quran describes the humanity and universe which has clear signs of right path for intellectalus. In Tazkir-ul-Quran, Molana has described the basic massage of Quran, which is welfare, rectification and call to Islam. The methodology, he adopted in commentary of a particular verse is the description of that verse about Quran and advise. In this article, dawah thoughts in Tazkir-ul-Quran are discussed. Basically, in this article. Sole selected verses from Tazkir-ul-Quran has been discussed to pin pont the Dawah thoughts of Molana Waheed.

دبستان فراہی کی تفاسیر پر تنقیدات:تجزیاتی مطالعہ

Zafar Iqbal

Abstract

In subcontinent there are many exegeses school of thoughts. One of them is Farahi’s school of Thought. Its founder was Hamid ud Din Farahi. He belongs to Indian district Uterperdaish. His exegeses principles are different from traditional. So, his exegesis based on his own developed principles is completely have different approach. In this regard, he had not only diverted from traditional trend but also have a new approach. For example, in the exegesis of Surah Kausar, he did not accept the traditional explanation of Kausar river in heaven. He said it is Bait ullah already exist in this world.

In this type of his elucidations, he and his school of thought faced criticism. Another main personality of this school of thought is Molana Amin Ahsan Islahi. There are about more than ten written criticisms exists on exegesis of Farahi’s school. These criticisms are of two types, on their principles of exegeses and direct on their exegesis.

Keywords:      Exegesis, Farahi, criticism, traditional trend

عہدعباسی عصراول میں علوم حدیث کاعلمی جائزہ

Hayat Ullah, Dr. Noor Hayat Khan

Abstract

  Hadith is the second source of legislation in Islam and its significance has been felt since the beginning up to its evolution. Moreover, the discipline acquired greater attention in the era of Companions (may God be pleased with them) which continued till the codification of Hadith. On one hand, Hadith has been shown interest from a number of perspectives such as: theological, legal and missionary and at the same time the discipline of Hadith saw its pinnacle. It started from oral transmission and small codices however, the foundations of this discipline were set during Umayyad rule which later on acquired a scholarly form in the prime time of Abbasid rule (132 AH to 247AH). During this golden era research went underway in different sub-disciplines – research into the textual content of Hadith, chains of transmission, biographies of narrators, Interpretation of rare and difficult terms and implicit weaknesses in Hadith among many.  Hence, solid foundations of Hadith discipline were laid.

This article brings forth the important Hadith scholars and their remarkable services in the era. It carries out an in-depth analysis of Hadith scholarship in the first part of the   Abbasid rule. It contains discussion on the following topics:

Introduction to Abbasid reign, family background and a brief discussion of its    various time periods.Definition, types and importance of Hadith scholarship Publication of Hadith scholarship and services of renowned Hadith scholars during the pinnacle of Abbasid period. And introduction to the scholarly work in the field of Hadith during Abbasid era.

An introduction to different disciplines of Hadith studies during Abbasid era.

تخییرطلاق کے بارے میں فقہاءکرامؒ کی آراءکا تحقیقی مطالعہ

Hafiz Shakir Mahmood Khattak, Dr. Muhammad Umar

Abstract

Islam is a complete code of life. It throws light on every aspect of human life. There is no perplexity which solution has not been given by Islam. It has also discussed every piece of beliefs and ethics including human affairs with each other. There is no faith comparable to Islam on the earth. Western civilization and culture is at its peak. It has literally made people blind followers of itself. That’s why they are producing new interpretations of Islam in order to keep pace with the world. It is true that accepted wisdom is a blessing but to the limits of Sharia. Otherwise it is a legacy of Shaytan (شیطان). Nikah is one of the most important and critical stage of human life. It has been clearly discussed in Quran and Hadith. It is made mandatory for the continuation of human life. It’s been referred as completion of human life and one of the mandatory Sunna of Prophet (ﷺ). On the other hand, the dissolution of marriage is one of the most disliked actions. However, Islam is not like other religions. It has the complete course of action/laws of the dissolution of marriage. Nikah, Talaq, Khula and Eela have been discussed properly which are made more clear by the jurists by using Estihsan and Qaiyas.

Key Words: Devolution of Divorce, Islamic Sharia, Holy Quran, Hadith& Fuqaha Scholars

شريعت اسلاميہ ميں رهن كے احکام : ایک تحقیقی مطالعہ

Nadeem Majeed, Dr Hidayat Khan

Abstract

The discussion in this article is about the Basic commandments and conditions of mortgage. From a common man to the big companies have been forced to give and take money as debt but paying the debt back has always been a problem. Mortgage is one of the solutions of this problem that Islam has already offered and by which we can make the pay back of debt certain if we apply this mode of transaction. However, it is necessary to understand its principles as many institutions use mortgage in order to avoid future legal litigations. Therefore, this article covers its literal and technical meanings, parts of the mortgage contract, its legal status in Islamic Law, stipulations and conditions of mortgage, possession of mortgage, rules regarding common property, ownership of mortgage, payment of mortgage in case of loss, floating mortgage and its kinds and physical possession and constructive possession.

Key Words:  Mortgage, Legal status, Parts, Condition, Possession, Common Property, Ownership, Floating.

قاعدہ سد الذرائع کی روشنی میں رشوت کی روک تھام تعلیمات قرآنی کی روشنی میں

Muhammad Nazir, Dr. Syed Abdul Ghaffar Bukhari

Abstract

Bribery and corruption has become a fatal disease which leads the society towards the class system. This evil causes chaos, injustice and oppression in the social life of people. Whether it is division of wealth or that of positions bribery and corruption snatches rights of deserving individuals and unqualified people are conferred higher positions. That’s why bribery can cause injustice in society. For that Quran and Hadith have banned all those roads and channels which lead to bribery.

 Prevention of bribery may cause justice in social and economic life of people. It may cause the development of people and country. The principle of jurisprudence “Sadd ul Zarae” can play a key role in prevention of such social evils to make the nation just, fair and free of corruption. Resultantly, the whole society grows positively and walks on the track of development.    

Key words: Sadd ul Zarae, Rashowat, Ahkam, Qaeda, Fuqha, Usoleen etc.

منتخب جامعات کے ایم اے اسلامیات کے حدیث شریف کےنصاب کا تقابلی جائزہ

Dr. Syed Ghazanfar Ahmed, Nisar Ahmed

Abstract

Hadi’th is second primary source to Islamic theology and law. We compare curriculum of Hadi’th at master’s level of five universities to achieve the objectives of study. There are discussed curriculum of study separately, as methodological tool, to point out the differences and similarities in selected universities. In comparative sense, we conclude that Allama Iqbal Open University Islamabad has rich curriculum and contents to meet the requirements of subject as role model. Although, universities can get benefits mutually through meaningful interaction in domain of same subject. This study is equally beneficial for researchers and curriculum developers to move forward and to develop vibrant curriculum, respectively.

Keywords: Hadith, Curriculum, Universities, Islamic sources, Comparative study.

عصری معاشرت میں انسانی تطہیر و اصلاح کی بنیاد افادیت مساجد کی روشنی میں اختصاصی مطالعہ

Hafiz Jamshed Akhtar, Dr. Memoona Tabassum

Abstract

This Study “The foundation of Sanctification and reformation in contemporary social set-up” deals with the importance of masjid in the society. Masjid as an institution plays very vital role in the daily affairs of people like conflicts, among social communities etc. There are certain references from History, Quran, Seerah and Sunnah of Hazrat Muhammad (SAWW).Keeping in view the outlook of Islam towards the training of the people through different institution the role of masjid is discussed that how it can be fruitful not only to perform some religious obligation relating personal like but reformation of people’s attitude regarding social habits. Unity among the Muslims, social problems and the ways to solve them, a democratic behavior, guarding of Muslim ideology can be actualized through masjid. The education of common people in the matter of daily life, sectarial conflict can be minimized in masjid. The study has discussed the renewal effects regarding the importance of masjid.

Today, as Muslim society has gone very far of its responsible leading role in the world, mosques can play role to bring them back to their origin. This article highlights almost all aspects of possible forms of mosques role in upbringing Muslim society to provide responsible and pious individuals.

فرانس کے ملکی قوانین اور اسلام میں بنیادی انسانی حقوق کا تقابلی جائزہ

Muhammad Muddasar

Abstract

When we talk about human rights in Islam, we mean to say that these rights have been bestowed by Allah Almighty, they have not been granted by any emperor or any legislative assembly. The rights given by the rulers or by the legislative assemblies can be taken back in the same way in which they are conferred. If any powerful king gives rights to human beings, he can withdraw them when he is unhappy or also he can violates them when he likes. In Islam human rights have been given by Allah Almighty, no worldly legislative parliament or any government in the world has charge of amendment or change in the rights granted by God. Nobody can abolish or withdraw them. Islamic human rights are not like those rights conferred on paper just for pump and show and denied in actual life when the show is over. It is very clear that the concept of Islam in regarding human rights is based on equality, dignity, respect and justice for all human beings. The western concept of basic human rights is a manmade philosophy of laws; it may be right or wrong as it is not God gifted. Western people have done a long struggle to achieve basic human rights since Magna Carta to present age but Islamic law is bestowed by Allah Almighty. In this study, efforts are made to compare fundamental human rights in the light of Islamic teachings and French laws.  Comparative and analytical research methodology is adopted in this study with qualitative approach.  This study perceives that Islamic teachings have all kind of rights with duties and liberty. However, it binds the rights with duties and liberty with responsibilities, which make it distinguish to other manmade laws including French laws.

Keywords:  Islamic teachings, French laws, human rights, equality, humanity, comparison