Abu ’l-Qāsim Sulaymān ibn Ayyūb ibn Muṭayyir al-Lakhmī al-Ṭabarānī Ṭabarānī (360AH) was a well-known “Muhaddith” )Hadīth scholar(. He was one of the most prominent “Muhaddith” of his age. He is known primarily for three works. He contributed to Hadīth Sciences; the one of them is “Al-Mu’jam Al-Awsat” which contains the narratives of the Prophet (PBUH). He collected in this book, not only that, rather he critically studied their Sanad (chain of transmitters) and Matn (text) according to the fundamentals of scientific study of Hadith (which was developed/established by great Hadith scholars, and further issued his rulings about every narrative he found defected.This paper basically is a brief statement of the efforts of Imam al-Tabarani in developing the science of the critical study of Hadith through presenting a facet of this science. It is a statement of some examples for the explanation of Imam Tabarani’s methodology in the critical study of defected narrations with particularity from his book “Al-Mu’jam Al-Awsat”, but this ahadith are correct.
This article is essentially divided into: preface, six axes, and conclusion. The preface includes the importance of critical study of hadith, meaning of singularity, its types, and the status of “Al-Mu’jam Al-Awsat” in the science of critical study of Hadith.
Keywords: Introduction to Imam al-Tabarani and his book Al-Mu’jam Al-Awsat, definition of singularity, and his methodology in the critical study of defected Hadith due to the singularity.