A dissertation titled: The Position of the Prophet, may prayers and peace be upon him, as an imam/ a leader in view of the Prophetic Sunnah and its dimensions and connotations in the religious jurisprudence and in dealing with the Prophetic Hadith (sayings of our Prophet Mohammed which, with the accounts of his daily practices “Sunnah”, constitute the major source of guidance for Muslims apart from the Holy Koran.)The essential mission of the Messenger, may prayers and peace be upon him, is primarily the Prophethood and conveyance of the Message of Allah, Almighty. Nonetheless, he, peace and prayers be upon him, had assumed the political leadership of Muslims along with the required capability of ruling and execution. The way he tackled the issue of leadership, as an Imam, may peace and prayers be upon him, constitutes “an attribute additional to Prophethood, Messenger’s mission, fatwa and exercise of judicial power”. Accordingly, this has required him, peace be upon him, to have acts and dispositions in connection with the position of leadership (i.e. acting as an imam) different from the acts made by him in his capacity as the Prophet, the Messenger of Allah, Almighty, or in any other capacity. In this research /dissertation, I have come out with several findings, fore mostly including the following:
- Every judgment made by our great Prophet, may the Prayers and Peace of Allah Be Bestowed upon him, in his capacity as the leader (by virtue of his position as the Greatest Imam) shall be entrusted to the rulers. Permission from the ruler must be considered as regards such judgment. Meanwhile, the ruler/imam must observe the circumstances of time and place observed by the Messenger of Allah, prayers and peace be upon him, in most of his political discretions at war and peace and in all cases because they constitute partial and variable policies changing according to the most probable interest.
- The acts of the Prophet in connection with his capacity as the Imam (political leader) are characterized by the fact that they are associated with partial interest dictated by specific circumstances in terms of time, place, and prepositional conditions. Such acts may certainly vary with the variation of these same circumstances